船橋マルチリンガル

英会話上級コース掲示板

3, 上級ディスカッションコース

タイムテーブル

  1. 19:30~19:45 Warming Up
  2. 19:45~20:30 マテリアルディスカッション (毎週異なる記事をPick Up、以下のページ参照)
  3. 20:30~20:45 テーブルフリートーク (初中上級全コースのメンバーをシャッフル)

学習内容のプリントは当会で準備しておりますが、不足する可能性がございますので各自で印刷し予習していただくことをお勧めいたします。

その他のコース → 1, 初級コース / 2, 中級コース

上級コース学習内容

掲示板は各クラブの次回英会話上級学習内容通知のために利用するためのページです。
投稿及びコメントには、マナーを守ってください。

認証コード(1070


The topic of 1/20 is "Millions of Japanese Over 35 Still Live With Mom and Dad"

  • 投稿者:徳永和信 (2017-01-18 (水) 07:38:56)

In Japan, more than 3 million singles aged 35 to 44 still live with their parents, mainly for financial reasons .
Most of them have no choice but to live with their parents.
According to a survey 80 percent of those living with their parents are pessimistic about their prospects for marriage, with some convinced they are “incapable” of getting married and others content to remain single.

Generally speaking most of us want to be independent. Children, if they are mentally and physically healthy, generally separate from their parents as soon as they are financially able to do so.
Do you think the idea of living with your adult children (or your parents), no matter how well you get along, can be disconcerting?
Do you want to live with your parents (or your children) ?
WEBSITE of the article↓

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-11-29/millions-of-japanese-over-35-still-live-with-mom-and-dad

The topic of 1/13 is "Artificial Intelligence."

  • 投稿者:Tom (2017-01-11 (水) 21:07:03)

The Guardian says Japanese life insurance company Fukoku has been introducing the AI-based system aiming at increase in its productivity.
Reportedly, this scheme will enable the firm to save a large amount of money, whereas tens of employees are supposed to lose their job in return for the replacement.

It can be said that AI is still on an experimental phase but it's already been arousing public controversy.
Let's discuss AI and foresee the future when the evolutionary technology will prevail in the various situations of humanity.

Get a quick access to the article here!
https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jan/05/japanese-company-replaces-office-workers-artificial-intelligence-ai-fukoku-mutual-life-insurance?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other

The topic of 1/6 is " 5 Suprising Life Regrets That You Can Easily Avoid "

  • 投稿者:土方良幸 (2017-01-04 (水) 13:08:58)

People are focusing on live daily life desparately to suvive. However when those are close to their death, what do they regret what they should have done during their life? To better live one's life, let's listen carefully to the old senior aged people's voices here.
Questions
What do you think about the 5 things Which advice do you agree to and why?
Which advice do you want to pick up to do for you life?
What other advice do you have?
Website
http://www.inc.com/jessica-stillman/5-surprising-life-regrets-that-you-can-easily-avoid.html

The topic of Dec 22 is " The first impression "

  • 投稿者:徳永 和信 (2016-12-20 (火) 20:53:33)

Sometimes, first impressions can be totally wrong — other times they can be right on point.
It might be true that first impressions play a large role in business and private life.
We can’t judge a person on the basis of his/her first impression because it takes time to understand someone but still first impression matters a lot.
First Impressions might count even more than you might think. Let’s share your thoughts about questions below.
1 Do you believe in a first impression you make on other people ?
2 What do you think people think of you when they first meet you? In other words,how do you think you come across?
3 How do you feel about your own first impression?
4 Do you think first impressions let you know who the persons really are or do first impression not show who the person really is?

5 Do you think the first impression is accurate and reliable or not?

WEBSITE
http://www.talentsmart.com/articles/Master-the-Art-of-the-First-Impression-2147446641-p-1.html

The topic of 12/16 is "Christmas."

  • 投稿者:Tom (2016-12-15 (木) 08:42:52)

12/17 topic Christmas

Hi, everyone!!
Winter has come and it has been freezing outside these days.
Speaking of the end of the year, we generally have several amusing events such as year-end parties and Christmas!

We are going to talk about Christmas on this coming Friday and let's share your ideas how to celebrate the holy night with your family or friends.
By the way, what do you know about Christmas customs?
The article below shows you the actual history of Christmas and its habits which are derived from interesting facts a few centuries ago.

Below are key questions.
1. Which of the 10 Christmas traditions in the article have you ever experienced and what do you think about them?

2. Compared with foreigners' customs, in which point do you think the Japanese style of Christmas celebration is good / bad?

3. How will you spend this coming Christmas?

Get a quick access to the article here!
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/food-and-drink/finest-christmas/festive-traditions-origins/

This article shows the actual history of Christmas.

The topic of Dec 9 is " 8 Tiny Habits That Will Make You Happier"

  • 投稿者:Hijikata (2016-12-05 (月) 20:36:01)

These days mental issues are becoming one of big troubles which might perish human being from the earth in the future.

Thus to keep a good mental condition is crucial to make our daily life easier and to avoid a awful disaster.

Here eight habits that can make a big difference in your life and work.

Q1 Do you agree or not each habit? And why?
2 Which habit do you do for your life?
3 Which one do you want to use?
4 Any other habit do you have and if so what?
Website
http://www.inc.com/lolly-daskal/8-tiny-habits-that-will-make-you-happier.html

The topic of Dec 2nd is " English proverbs"

  • 投稿者:徳永和信 (2016-11-30 (水) 03:22:20)

“There are plenty of fish in the sea.” This is the proverb someone of FMEC said to me a few times recently. Honestly I didn’t know the famous proverb until I heard it from him. I found it very useful.

The first time I heard the proverb “The cat’s out of the bag” I didn’t know the meaning.

It's good to know the really common English proverbs because you hear them come up in conversation all the time.

Learning proverbs can also help you to understand the way that people in English-speaking cultures think about the world.

Native English speakers often use them in conversation without even realizing it.
However, we Japanese seldom use an English proverbs in English conversation because it’s difficult to use them as often as NES.

I think we should be more familiar with English proverbs.
How many of the proverbs mentioned in the article have you known?

Can you empathize with the proverb “A man without a woman is like a ship without a sail” and “A woman without a man is like a fish without a bicycle”

WEBSITE
http://www.bbc.com/capital/story/20161117-we-need-proverbs-because-they-reflect-who-we-are

The topic of 11/25 is "Leadership."

  • 投稿者:Tom (2016-11-23 (水) 23:20:15)

You may be a leader or working with your leader in various situations such as business or ordinary life.
According to Harvard Business Review, there are several key features of “leadership” which outstanding leaders in business have been seen to be equipped with.
Let’s exchange your views about ideal leadership!!
You may well talk about the leadership in personal life.

Below are key questions.
1. What is the desirable definition of “leader” for you?
2. If you were a leader, what skills or personality would you want to obtain?
3. Is there anyone who you respect and admire as a leader?

If you want to print out this page in advance, keep it in your mind that the material I'll hand out on Friday this week will be a little different from the original one.
Click below to get a quick access to the article!!
https://hbr.org/2016/11/the-traits-of-leaders-who-do-things-fast-and-well

The topic of Nov 18th is Donald Trump.

  • 投稿者:徳永和信 (2016-11-15 (火) 23:45:36)

Next week we will not be using English material of a newspaper.
You can choose and talk about a few or all topics from the ten topics below about the last week’s U.S. presidential election.

A lot has been talked about the election of Donald Trump. Some of you might be sick and tired of discussing Trump and others might be still willing to say many things about the unexpected result. Let's share your thoughts about these topics.

1. Why were all the predictions and polls so inaccurate/wrong regarding
Donald Trump’s election?

2. Would Bernie Sanders have defeated Donald Trump?

3. What was your first reaction when you heard that Trump is the United States' new president?

4. What kind of first lady will Melania Trump be?

5. What will happen if Trump can’t satisfy his voters’ expectations?

6. Do you think Donald trump will fulfill his campaign promises or was he just saying things to get elected to office?

7. If Donald Trump tried to fulfill all of his campaign promises by any means necessary, what would happen to him and to America?

8. Did Hillary Clinton lose the election because of the FBI reopening her email case?

9. Trump threatened to withdraw U.S. troops from Japan unless the country drastically increased its financial contributions to cover the cost of stationing U.S. troops in Japan. Will he really do that?

10.What are the chances Donald Trump is assassinated once he becomes president?

The topic of 11/11 is "Are native English speakers the world's worst communicators?"

  • 投稿者:Tom (2016-11-07 (月) 23:15:04)

Nowadays, there has been a growing number of business conversations, meetings, and conferences with our colleagues who speak English at varying levels.
It is understandable that native English speakers tend to dominate almost all the parts of multinational communications although those who speak English as a second language may well give their constructive opinions which will probably be great contributions.

In this article below, some linguistic professionals and officers working at global companies point out that people speaking English as a mother tongue sometimes become the worst communicators in terms of their deficient awareness to communicate in English under multinational situations.

Let’s exchange your views about…
1. Do you feel any hesitation to give your opinions when you are talking to native English speakers and why?
2. Do you think that native English speakers should improve something when communicating with non-native English speakers?
3. What can you do to facilitate multinational communication?

If you want to print out this page in advance, keep it in your mind that the material I'll hand out on Friday this week will be a little different from the original one.
Click below to get a quick access to the article!!
http://www.bbc.com/capital/story/20161028-native-english-speakers-are-the-worlds-worst-communicators

The topic of Nov 4th is "Do your Friends Actually Like You? "

  • 投稿者:徳永和信 (2016-11-01 (火) 19:45:34)

“Are Your Friends Really Your Friends? ”
It seems like a stupid question, right? You are probably thinking, of course the people we think of as friends consider us their friend too, but a new study reveals that we are pretty terrible at determining who really likes us. The study finds that only about half of the people we consider to be a friend, actually consider us to be their friend. Stings, doesn’t it?
“People don’t like to hear that the people they think of as friends don’t name them as friends,” said a researcher at M.I.T
People sometimes might mistake just acquaintance for friendship.
As many people say, friendship is difficult to describe.

What do you think is the difference between acquaintances and friends?
D you think it is true that only half your friends actually like you?
Have you ever wondered whether people you consider friends feel the same way about you?
If there is a way to know if the people you think are friends think of you as friend, will you use the way?
Printed materials would be more compact and concise than the Internet article.
WEBSITE
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/08/07/opinion/sunday/do-your-friends-actually-like-you.html?partner=rss&emc=rss

The topic of 10/28 is "American Presidential Election."

  • 投稿者:Tom (2016-10-27 (木) 00:06:01)

A new American president is going to be elected on 8th of November.
It is widely acknowledged that this ongoing residential campaign is rated unprecedented in the USA history and the words of Donald Trump, who is a presidential candidate from Republican Party, has been so controversial that much of his remarks has been catching interests of people all over the world.

As for political discussion, Bernie Sanders, who was a Democratic Presidential nominee against Hillary Clinton, brought out his profound suggestions mainly aimed to Democrats.
His opinions were released by The New York Times and his arguments point out not only the depressing reality about the society of America, but also modern globalized economy which very few parts of people benefit from.

Let’s discuss the excellent and well-organised article as well as the upcoming historical election!!
If you want to print out this page in advance, keep it in your mind that the material I'll hand out on Friday this week will be a little different from the original one.
Click below to get a quick access to the article!!
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/29/opinion/campaign-stops/bernie-sanders-democrats-need-to-wake-up.html

On October 21 you can choose any topics from 6 topics below.

  • 投稿者:徳永和信 (2016-10-15 (土) 21:30:45)

次の金曜日(10月21日)は英語の記事を使用しません。 
下記の6項目のtopicを設けましたので好きなtopicについて話してください。 
各グループメンバー全員が1つのトピックを気に入ったら45分間それを語っても良いし、好きな順に幾つかのtopicをdiscussionしても面白いと思います。
初めての試みですが、メンバーの感想次第では不定期に実施してみたいと思っています。

① An Osaka railway company has been under fire after a train driver made an apologetic in-train announcement to Japanese passengers saying “We have many foreigners on board today. We apologize for causing you inconveniences”
「本日は多数の外国人のお客さまが乗車されており、大変混雑しておりますので、日本人のお客さまにはご不便をおかけしております 」
How do you feel about the incident ?

② Are you satisfied with the current salary and your career situation or feel oppressed?

③ If you're in the situation in which your father, mother, wife/husband, and kids are drowning in front of you, and you're able to save only one, who would you save?

④ Do you like yourself? What is it that you like about yourself?
What do you like least about yourself?

⑤ Should English be taught in kindergarten in japan?

⑥ If you had the chance to become immortal(永遠に死なない), would you do it?

20161021_material

The topic of Oct 14th is about "Infidelity ”

  • 投稿者:徳永和信 (2016-10-10 (月) 11:14:19)

For a while I have been ambivalent about picking up on this post, though I have found the article insightful and interesting.

I was wondering if some people might shy away from talking about infidelity. But some girls said to me “ You don’t have to be worried and nervous about it”. So I decided to choose the article.

This article comments on the famous TED Presentation by Esther Perel「Rethinking infidelity ... a talk for anyone who has ever loved」which has been viewed more than 6 million times.

The presentation starts with the following comments:
Why do we cheat? And why do happy people cheat? And when we say "infidelity," what exactly do we mean? Is it a hookup, a love story, paid sex, a chat room, a massage with a happy ending? Why do we think that men cheat out of boredom and fear of intimacy, but women cheat out of loneliness and hunger for intimacy? And is an affair always the end of a relationship?

The presentation ends with this comments:
“I look at affairs from a dual perspective: hurt and betrayal on one side, growth and self-discovery on the other -- what it did to you, and what it meant for me.
Your first marriage is over. Would you like to create a second one together? ”

No wonder the pros and cons of Esther Perel’s arguments are batted back and forth

Do you enthusiastically agree with Esther Perel ? Or respectfully beg to differ?

WEBSITE
http://rindalog.blogspot.com/2015/07/rethinking-infidelity-by-esther-perel.html

This website includes Japanese sentences ,but the printed material will include no Japanese sentences.

The topic of 10/7 is "Working overtime."

  • 投稿者:Tom (2016-10-02 (日) 17:06:33)

Reuters reports that Boeing Co, one of the largest airline companies, announced it is cutting down the payment of exempt overtime by 80,000 workers in USA.
According to the article, this attempt aims to enhance affordability and competitiveness of Boeing by means of curbing expenditure, whereas overtime should be paid only in the situation where it is judged and approved by direct managers in advance.

As for Japanese worker, the majority of foreigners may describe them as “much serious officers” and “they work too hard.”
This points out that a large number of Japanese officers feel unconsciously obliged to overwork so as to fulfill their duties.

Let’s exchange our views about…
1. Do you think the Boeing’s effort will achieve its goal?
2. What do you generally think about working over17:06:33
3. Should the Japanese workstyle be changed?

Click below to get a quick access to the article!!
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-boeing-overtime-idUSKCN11K2UT

20161007_01.jpg

The topic of 9/30 is "Local vernaculars survive? (English vs. Singlish)"

  • 投稿者:Tom (2016-09-24 (土) 14:39:23)

It is generally assumed that there are a number of different types of English spoken at each corner of the globe such as “Singlish.”
This unofficial language may often come in for criticism that it prevents a large number of Singaporean from obtaining a good command of the standardized English.

Of course, sufficient skills of a national language enable them to get proper jobs.
Nevertheless, many researchers suggest local vernaculars consist of diversified characteristics which exemplify intercultural identities and differences.

This article below is too long to finish reading at the first phase of our discussion.
I'm going to compile it and reduce less important sentences.
If you want to print out this page in advance, keep it in your mind that the material I'll hand out on Friday this week will be a little different from the original one.
Click below to get a quick access to the article!!
http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20160919-the-language-the-government-tried-to-suppress

20160930_advanced

The topic of Sept 23rd is “11 American Behaviors That Are Considered Rude Around the World”

  • 投稿者:徳永和信 (2016-09-20 (火) 21:39:52)

Next Friday we are going to talk about 11 behaviors that are widely viewed as acceptable in the United States but considered offensive or rude in other countries.
Those are :
1. TIPPING
2. WHISTLING
3. OPEN-MOUTH LAUGHING
4. SHOWING UP ON TIME
5. GOING SANS-MASK WHILE SICK
6. OPENING A GIFT IN THE PRESENCE OF THE GIVER
7. NOT REJECTING A GIFT
8. DOING PRETTY MUCH ANYTHING LEFT-HANDED
9. BLOWING YOUR NOSE IN PUBLIC
10. CROSSING YOUR FINGERS
11. PUTTING YOUR HANDS IN YOUR POCKET WHILE SPEAKING
The writer of the article says some of these manners might offend Japanese people who are famous for being polite.

I was surprised to know that in most Asian countries, most notably China and India, tearing into a gift in front of the gift giver is poor form. It looks greedy. Actually ,I make it a rule to open a gift in the presence of the gift giver. How about you?

How many of these do you think would be impolite, offensive or impolite in other countries?
WEBSITE
http://mentalfloss.com/article/62421/11-american-behaviors-are-considered-rude-around-world

The topic of 9/16 is "Abdication of Japanese Emperor."

  • 投稿者:Tom (2016-09-11 (日) 20:53:06)

Once the Japanese Emperor Akihito externalized his intention to abdicate, discussion about his retirement sprang up throughout Japan and has urged the majority of the politicians to realize his desire.
As soon as it was revealed by some media like NHK, it had been claimed that it is impossibly difficult to pave a path to renounce the throne without any amendment of Constitution or Imperial Household Law.

In contrary, it seems that the interest of the Japanese nation focuses on what is the duty the Emperor has been engaged in.
Furthermore, some statistical survey shows the multitude of Japanese are identifying with the Emperor’s expression, whereas this issue is simultaneously raising another critical discussion: female emperor should be authorized or not?

Let’s discuss this historically significant matter.
I’ll extract last several paragraphs from the article below to reduce the reading-time and make a little arrangement which will help us read more smoothly.
If you learn about the history of legislation of Japanese Emperor, I strongly suggest you peruse the entire essay!

Click below to get a quick access to the article!!
http://www.japantimes.co.jp/community/2016/08/28/issues/japan-fumbles-legal-path-emprexit/#.V9U185iLTIU

0916topic

The topic of 9/9 was chosen by our native guest John Sinnott

  • 投稿者:徳永和信 on behalf of John (2016-09-05 (月) 20:04:04)
0909

In 2010 the president said he wanted to convey his "inner feelings" through his music and inspire Indonesians.
But at that time the president was battling a corruption scandal and falling popularity, and his critics said he should focus on running the country.

On the other hand some of the Indonesian people said they liked the idea of having a president periodically release albums, or at least saw nothing wrong in it. They said ” Instead of trying to solve real problems, maybe he’s trying to entertain the people with music.”

This article was chosen by John Sinnott who is from Ireland.
His comments about it are as follows:
“Hello! I have chosen the article I will use. It is an old article, but the topics are very relevant and I have lots of questions prepared. The topic will be about how politicians should behave, whether politics has become a popularity contest and who has more influence over our lives - politicians or celebrities.”

WEBSITE
http://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-pop-idUSTRE60O1XS20100125

バックナンバー

過去のトピックについてはこちらをご覧下さい。

powered by Quick Homepage Maker 5.1
based on PukiWiki 1.4.7 License is GPL. QHM

最新の更新 RSS  Valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional